Bean Station. TN
Fair Garden, TN
Fort Sanders, TN
Mossy Creek, TN
Battle of Dandridge, the Union cavalry had
moved to the south side of the French Broad
River and had disrupted Confederate foraging
and captured numerous wagons in that area.
On January 25, 1864, Lt. General James
Longstreet, commander of the Department of
East Tennessee, instructed his subordinates
to do something to curtail Union operations
south of the French Broad.
On the 26th, Brig. General Samuel D.
Sturgis, having had various brushes with
Confederate cavalry, deployed his troopers
to watch the area fords. Two Confederate
cavalry brigades and artillery advanced from
Fair Garden in the afternoon but were
checked about four miles from Sevierville.
Other Confederates attacked a Union cavalry
brigade, though, at Fowler's on Flat Creek,
and drove it about two miles.
No further fighting occurred that day. Union
scouts observed that the Confederates had
concentrated on the Fair Garden Road, so
Sturgis ordered an attack there in the
morning. In a heavy fog, Col. Edward M.
McCook's Union division attacked and drove
back Major General William T. Martin's
Confederates until about 4:00 pm. At that
time, McCook's men charged with sabers and
routed the Rebels.
Sturgis set out in pursuit on the 28th, and
captured and killed more of the routed
Rebels. The Union forces, however, observed
three of Longstreet's infantry brigades
crossing the river. Realizing his weariness
from fighting, lack of supplies, ammunition,
and weapons and the overwhelming strength of
the enemy, Sturgis decided to evacuate the
area. But, before leaving, Sturgis
determined to attack Brig. General Frank C.
Armstrong's Confederate cavalry division
which he had learned was about three or four
miles away, on the river.
Unbeknownst to the attacking Federals,
Armstrong had strongly fortified his
position and three infantry regiments had
arrived to reinforce him. Thus, the Union
troops suffered severe casualties in the
attack. The battle continued until dark,
when the Federals retired from the area.
The Federals had won the big battle but the
fatigue of continual fighting and lack of
supplies and ammunition forced them to
Location: Union victory
Campaign: Operations about Dandridge
Date: January 27, 1864
Principal Commanders: Brig. General
Samuel D. Sturgis and
Col. Edward M. McCook [US];
Engaged: Cavalry Division, Cavalry
Corps, Army of the Ohio [US]; Cavalry
Division, Longstreet’s corps, Army of
Estimated Casualties: 265 total (US
100; CS 165)